What is Trichloroacetic Acid Peel?
A trichloroacetic acid peel is a chemical peel that can be done on the face, hands, the back of the hands, the legs, the chest, and the neck. It is a medium depth peel that can be done in either the dermatologist office or in the comfort of your own home with over the counter peels. These peels were designed to repair and rejuvenate the skin. They are formulated with a concentration of 8% to 30% in strength. Tricholoroacetic peels are often referred to as TCA peels and can be done on the entire face or just done by spot peeling. Often time’s more than one peel is needed to see huge results on the skin. Generally, a trichloroacetic acid peel lasts about 6 months, but if they are supplemented with lactic acid peels or glycolic acid every two weeks, they will last longer. It is recommended that if you have a trichloroacetic acid peel done for the first time, to have it done professionally. Any trichloroacetic acid over 20% should be done by a professional.
Trichloroacetic acid peels are done to reduce age spots as well as brown spots. They can improve melasma, and treat different types of acne. They will reduce the fine look of wrinkles, improve leathery textures on the skin, give a glow to the face, and help treat sun damaged skin.
Preperation for the Trichloroacetic Acid Peel
Before having a tricholoracetic acid peel done, there are a few steps that should be taken. Many dermatologists will recommend using AHA serum or a retinoid cream for 2 weeks prior to the treatment. This will ensure that the peeling is more even and will penetrate even better. Three days before the peel is done all exfoliants must be stopped. Hair removers and scrubs that are grainy should also be avoided. Two days before the peel is done, a patch test should be done. The patch test must be done wherever the peel is to be done.
Before a trichloroacetic peel is done, the skin must be thoroughly cleansed. The skin will be washed several times and an astringent will be applied to wipe all traces of oil off the face. The peel will then be applied and allowed to set on the skin for a determined amount of time. A second or third layer may be added. A fan will be running to help cool the skin down, as it will feel like a burning, hot, tingling sensation. After the solution is washed off the face, a thick layer of antibacterial cream will be applied to help speed healing and protect the skin.
Trichloroacetic Acid Peel Recovery
Since the trichloroacetic acid peel is done as a medium depth on the skin, there will be healing time needed. Usually a week is needed as there will be peeling skin. The skin will also see some redness, which can last from 2 to 8 weeks or longer. After the peel minor pain can be felt in some individuals after the chemical peel is done. Mild swelling will most likely take place after the peel and should be resolved in two to three days. The skin will be very sensitive to the sun for 6-8 weeks after a trichloroacetic peel. Sunglasses, sunscreen and a hat should be worn at all times.
Things to do for after a trichloroacetic acid peel are to wash the skin nightly with a gentle cleanser. After washing the skin and patting dry, moisturise the skin like crazy. Moisturise the skin several times daily as this will help with the flaking and peeling. Avoid exposure to the sun, and always wear a sunscreen.