Hyperpigmentation: Causes, Treatments and Results
Hyperpigmentation is a harmless condition in which patches of skin are darker than the surrounding skin. Hyperpigmentation is a result of excessive melanin, the pigment that produces normal skin colouring. Any race can be effected by hyperpigmentation, however, those of darker Asian, African, or Mediterranean skin tones are more prone to it. It effects both men and woman.
What causes hyperpigmentation? Who is susceptible to getting hyperpigmentation?
There are many causes of hyperpigmentation. Those include sun damage, inflammation, and other skin injuries. Picking at the skin, hormonal changes, heredity, and certain medications, such as anti-seizure drugs, antibiotics, and hormone treatments can all cause hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation is associated with many diseases and conditions: Melasma, Cushing disease, Addison’s disease, celiac disease, Linea nigra, Acanthosis nigricans, smoker’s melanosis, Gravel’s disease, mercury poisoning, tinea, porphyria, Haemochromatosis, Nelson’s syndrome, Aromatase deficiency, and Cronkite-Canada syndrome.
While anyone can develop hyperpigmentation, those with fair to medium skin tones are the most susceptible to it. If an individual has spent a lot of time out in the sun before the age of 18, without sunscreen, a person can see higher damage to the skin. The same goes for tanning beds. Many woman will also find they have hormonal hyperpigmentation, which could be caused by the birth control they are taking.
What are the signs and symptoms of hyperpigmentation?
Dark patches of skin that is blotchy is a sign of hyperpigmentation. These blotches can be seen on the face, the chin, forehead, cheeks, hands, chest, upper lip, and legs.
Is there a cure for hyperpigmentation? Is it permanent?
There is no cure for hyperpigmentation. There are many treatments a dermatologist can recommend to help lighten the condition and help to treat it. Hyperpigmentation can last forever, however, depending on how severe it is, it can last only a short amount of time as well. Many times pregnant woman will have hyperpigmentation before giving birth, but once the woman has given birth, the hyperpigmentation will disappear.
What treatment works to treat hyperpigmentation?
There are many successful treatments that work to treat hyperpigmentation. One very successful treatment is IPL skin rejuvenation, also known as photorejuvenation. This age defying skin treatment treats damage done to the skin non-invasively. This means there are no surgeries required and the skin’s epidermal surface is not disturbed. This is a FDA cleared treatment that literally has no downtime. A patient can schedule the treatment during their lunch hour and return to work as soon as the procedure is done. One treatment usually lasts about 20 minutes. Other benefits of using IPL skin rejuvenation to treat hyperpigmentation include very little pain, the ability to treat the entire face, not just small sections at a time, addresses skin conditions that are visible, provides results that are natural looking and gradual and gives long results. IPL skin rejuvenation can be used not only on the face, but also the neck, hands, and chest.
Is there a way to prevent hyperpigmentation?
There are a few ways that hyperpigmentation can be prevented. Those include wearing a sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher each day, and being mindful of the sun exposure. Stay out of the sun during peak hours of the day. A hat should be worn while in the sun. Exfoliate the skin to help remove the build up of dead skin cells, as discoloration can be a result of these dead skin cells. Exfoliating the skin will help to minimise hyperpigmentation. Exfoliation can be done 1 to 2 times per week if an individual has dry skin, and 2 to 3 times per week if the individual has oily or combination skin.