Gummy Smile Treatment
A gummy smile appears on an individual when a person smiles and a large portion of the gums can be seen. An ideal smile will only have 2 millimeters of gum showing with the upper lip sitting just above the top teeth. Individuals that have 3 to 4 millimeters showing appear to have a gummy smile. There are seven main causes of having a gummy smile. However, those with a gummy smile should not fret as there is an easy and effective way to fix this mishap.
What are the causes of a gummy smile?
As stated above, there are seven main causes of having a gummy smile. Those include:
- A hypermobile lip- A hypermobile lip can cause a gummy smile when the lip moves around too much.
- A short upper lip- A short upper lip will not cover the upper teeth and the gingiva.
- Vertical maxillary excess VME- This happens when there is an overgrowth of maxilla and a short ramus.
- Wear and compensatory eruption
- An excessive overbite (anterior over-eruption)
- Altered passive eruption- This will happen as the person matures and the gingiva does not recede.
- Altered active eruption- This happens when the teeth do not make it out of the bone.
How can an individual fix a gummy smile?
A procedure that can fix a gummy smile uses a muscle relaxer that will reduce the elevation of the upper lip. It is a simple injection that can be done within a matter of minutes, usually ten at the most. After the injection, the gums will not be exposed as much when an individual smiles and the natural facial expressions will stay the same. The treatment will last 3 to 4 months, with results being seen in as little as 2 weeks. Some patients have seen the results last as long as 6 months. After 3 to 4 months, the treatment can be repeated once the effects of the muscle relaxant wears off.
How is the treatment performed? Is the treatment safe?
The upper lip will be injected with a muscle relaxer. This will elevate the upper lip. The amount of the injection will depend on how strong the muscle in the upper lip is. Generally 10 units of muscle relaxants are used. The procedure is very safe when done by a cosmetic practitioner that has experience in this. Only a person that has been specially trained in giving these types of injections should inject a patient as there are many nerves around and in the mouth. These types of injections have been used for 20 years without any reports of issues.
Will muscle relaxers injected into the skin hurt when fixing a gummy smile?
The treatment will mildly sting. The upper lip will be left with a small mosquito looking bite, but this will only last for a brief period. Ice can be applied to minimise bruising and to help relieve any pain.
Are there any side effects to having a gummy smile fixed with muscle relaxers?
Minor redness or swelling may take place after the upper lip is injected to fix a gummy smile. The small mosquito like marks will only last a matter of minutes. Any redness or swelling can easily be concealed with makeup. Do note that if too much muscle relaxant is used, the upper lip can appear to be flat.
How does an individual know if they are a good candidate for muscle relaxers if they suffer from a gummy smile?
Good candidates for having muscle relaxers injected into the upper lip for a gummy smile are those that want a quick solution. Those that are self conscious about showing too much gum are excellent candidates.