What is Melanoma?
Melanoma is a very serious type of skin cancer. It develops in the cells, which are called melanocytes, that produce the pigment to give the skin it’s color. The most common site for melanoma to form on is the legs in woman and the back on men. It is very common to those that live in sunny climates, as well as those that are Caucasian, especially northern and northwestern Europeans. It can form in the eyes, as well as the internal organs, however, this is very rare. If melanoma is not caught in the early stages, it becomes much more dangerous. It causes about three forth of the deaths related to skin cancer. The places that have the highest amount of skin cancers in the world include New Zealand and Australia.
Where can Melanoma Form?
Melanoma can form anywhere on the body. Many are astonished to know that it can even occur on places of the body that do not receive much sunlight, such as the palms of the hands. These places occur more often on those with darker skin tones.
Causes of Melanoma
While the exact cause of melanoma is not known, sunlight exposure will increase the risk of one developing the cancer. The UV rays, which are responsible for harming the skin, are also found in tanning beds and booths. Melanoma is increasing in those that are under the age of 40, especially females.
Signs that one may have melanoma include moles that change in appearance. There could also be a new development of pigment or an unusual looking growth on the skin. Should you experience either one, you will need to see your doctor right away. Melanoma can be detected sometimes by just looking at the skin, but your doctor will also take a biopsy of the skin just to be certain. The types of biopsy he or she may use could include a punch biopsy, an excisional biopsy, or a incisional biopsy. The kind of biopsy that your doctor uses will depend on what your skin situation is.
Should you have melanoma, you will need to know what stage it is in. Your doctor will need to see how thick the melanoma is, which he or she will do with a tool called a micrometer. Once the doctor knows the thickness of the skin cancer, he or she will better be able to set up a treatment plan. Do note that the thicker the melanoma, the more serious it is. Next the doctor will see if the melanoma has spread to lymph nodes that are close to the location where the skin cancer started. The melanoma will be diagnosed with Roman numerals, from I to IV. In stage I, the melanoma is very small and easy to treat. However by stage IV, the melanoma has spread to other parts of the body, including other organs.
There are many treatments for melanoma. Your doctor may wish for you to have surgery to remove the effected lymph nodes. Chemotherapy could also be used to destroy the cancer cells. Radiation therapy could be used in conjunction with the surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells. Biological therapy will help to fight the cancer by boosting the immune system. Targeted therapy uses medication that will target specific vulnerabilities in the cancer cells.
How to prevent Melanoma?
One can prevent melanoma by wearing sun screen all year long. Many do not think about wearing it in the winter, but one can easily damage their skin then. Wear an SPF of at least 30 and apply it every two hours. Avoid the sun during peak hours, from 10 in the morning to 4 in the afternoon. Avoid tanning beds and booths, wear protective clothing when outdoors, and exam your skin every month to look for any growths or changes.
Why Choose Advanced Dermatology as your provider of Excessive Sweating Treatment?
At Advanced Dermatology Sydney we are dedicated with a sole purpose of improving skin and in the process we make one single promise, to provide advanced medical in-office and at-home skin treatment that are backed by science. Our doctors and nurses will take the time to discuss and to understand your full requirements and that way assist you in the best possible way.
We know how hard it is to make that first phone call about any cosmetic procedure – we have found many of our patience prefer to fill out our call back contact form in which case one of our friendly staff will contact you to further discuss the procedure you are interested in.
It is as easy as clicking here to request a call back otherwise, you can call us directly on 1300 788 800.